Accounting and Finance

Recommended databases to find accounting and finance literature, including journal and newspaper articles:

Full list of Accounting and Finance databases. For financial data, please see the Financial data tab.

Use these databases to find financial data:

Specialised data

The following databases have restricted access. For details concerning access, click on the name of the database.

  • Datastream
    Key international data on equities, company financials, stock market indices, trusts, warrants, bonds, interest rates, exchange rates, commodities, and macroeconomic data.
  • Eikon
    Contains a wide range of financial data such as equities, equity indices, bonds, bond indices, futures, warrants, options, and fundamental company accounts data. It also provides Datastream and IBES data.
  • SDC Platinum
    Detailed data on mergers and acquisitions, including target and acquirors, nations, SIC, deal types and descriptions, and share price effects.
  • Wharton Research Data Services (WRDS)
    A collection of major financial databases. The University of Auckland Library subscription includes:
    • Audit Analytics
      Covers auditor firms, auditor changes, fees, opinions, SOX 302 disclosure controls, SOX 404 internal controls, audit legal cases, director and officer changes, company history, share prices, income statements and compliance difficulties.
    • Bank Regulatory
      Accounting data for bank holding companies, commercial banks, savings banks, and savings and loans institutions. Data is sourced from the required regulatory forms filled for supervising purposes.
    • Blockholders
      Standardized data for large-block shareholders of companies and the size of their share holdings, used in corporate governance and finance research.
    • Centre for Research in Security Prices (CRSP)
      Security prices, return, and volume data for the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ stock markets.
    • Chicago Board Options Exchange Volatility Index® (VIX®)
      VIX® is a key measure of market expectations of near-term volatility conveyed by S&P 500 stock index option prices.
      Annual and quarterly income statements, balance sheets, statements of cash flows, and supplemental data on publicly held US and international companies.
    • CUSIP Master Files
      CUSIP numbers, standardized descriptions and additional information for corporate, municipal and government securities offered in North America.
    • Dow Jones Averages & Total Return Indexes
      Comprised of The Daily and Monthly Dow Jones Composite, as well as The Dow Jones Industrial, The Dow Jones Transportation, The Dow Jones Utility, The Dow 10, and The Dow 5.
    • Eventus
      Performs event studies that compute abnormal returns for specific corporate actions or events using data directly from the CRSP stock database.
    • Fama-French Portfolios and Factors
      Contains portfolios that are constructed from the intersections of two portfolios formed on size, as measured by market equity (ME), and three portfolios using, as proxy for value, the ratio of book equity to market equity (BE/ME). Returns from these portfolios are used to construct the Fama-French Factors.
    • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
      Financial data and history of entities filing the Report of Condition and Income (Call Report) and the OTS Thrift Financial Report (TFR). These entities include commercial banks, savings banks, or savings and loans.
    • Federal Reserve Bank Reports
      Consists of three parts: foreign exchange rates, interest rates and FRB-Philadelphia State Indexes.
    • Institutional Brokers Estimates System (I/B/E/S)
      Financial forecasts from security analysts, including earnings per share, revenue, cash flow, long-term growth projections and stock recommendations.
    • KLD Research and Analytics
      Social ratings for all companies in the Domini 400 Social Index.
    • Philadelphia Stock Exchange
      Data on trading of stocks, equity options, index options and currency options.
    • Risk Metrics
      Data on corporate governance, including RiskMetrics Group Historical Governance, Historical Directors data, Voting Results data, and Shareholder Proposal data.
    • SEC-mandated Disclosure of Order Execution Statistics
      Data on public disclosure of order execution and routing practices.
    • Trade Reporting and Compliance Engine (TRACE)
      The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA)'s over-the-counter corporate bond market real-time price dissemination service. Bringing transparency to the corporate bond market, it helps create a level playing field for all market participants by providing comprehensive, real-time access to corporate bond price information.



Where to start

Constructing a search strategy

  1. Analyse your research question, identifying important concepts within the topic.
  2. Consult an encyclopedia or dictionary to gain understanding of a concept or topic. Locate encyclopedias or dictionaries by searching the Catalogue, using combinations of the keywords accounting, finance, dictionary and encyclopedia. Examples:
  3. Construct a concept table to keep track of all the possible terms and synonyms for your search.

For example, if your topic is "the effect of dividend policy on share price", you might map the key concepts as below.

Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept 3
dividend policy share price effect
bonus stock price impact
  equity price  
  • Use AND to connect concept 1, 2 and 3 (e.g., dividend policy AND share price AND effect).
  • Use OR to connect the synonyms (e.g., dividend policy OR bonus).

Where to search

For search tips, consult Business Information Skills Online and other Study skills guides.

Extend your research

Here are some strategies that build on information you already have. Start with a book or article that is relevant to your research topic and try some of the following:

  • Look at the reference list to find further relevant material.
  • Take note of the words used in the text of your book or article to find useful new terms for your literature search.
  • Search library databases for more publications by a particular author.
  • Find your book or article in the Catalogue or a database. Use the subject headings (sometimes referred to as descriptors or keywords) in the catalogue or database record to find similar material.
  • Search for citations to your original book or article. You can do citation searching on:
  • Some databases, such as Scopus, Science Direct and Google Scholar, also link to related articles.

The Business School uses APA style for referencing.



  • Referencing
    Access a range of tools and support material to assist your referencing work.


  • Quick©ite
    Use this interactive tool to view examples of references.
    Covers a range of styles used at the University of Auckland.

Last updated : 16 April 2021
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