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Tirohanga Māori 
A Bibliography of Māori Perspectives

8.1 Introduction
8.2 How to find books (Using Library Search)
8.3 Finding journal articles
Index New Zealand
Index to New Zeland Periodicals
Journal of the Polynesian Society
& Transactions and proceedings of the New Zealand Institute
8.4 Key Books and Articles on Contemporary Māori Society
Contemporary Māori society
8.5 Key Books and Articles on Traditional Māori Society
Cosmology and cosmogony
Law and government
Whānau, hapū and iwi
First Hand Accounts of Early Explorers, Missionaries and Traders
8.6 Key to Library Locations

8.1  Introduction 

This bibliography has been compiled to provide a list of references for the library user who is looking for information on Māori attitudes, beliefs, views and conceptions. Inevitably it broadens out to include a wider perspective of Māori culture because for many subjects the only available material has not been written with these concerns in mind. Earlier anthropologists were more interested in material culture and what they called rites and customs. It is only in more recent times that the focus has moved towards an exploration of underlying viewpoints and ways of conceiving the world.

An attempt has been made to separate resources relating to traditional (pre-European) Māori culture from books about contemporary Māori culture. In the case of traditional Māori culture we are attempting to reconstruct a long-distant past, and in cases where there has been no research on a particular aspect of traditional Māori society the only way to obtain information is by sifting through the written record left by the earliest visitors and interpreting it in the light of the information in later Māori sources, a very time-consuming process. For instance, an investigation of traditional Māori attitudes to, say, clothing, would require an initial investigation of such indexes and bibliographies as exist (Index New Zealand, the University of Waikato Māori Bibliography, Taylor's Bibliography, the Journal of the Polynesian Society (JPS) and the Transactions and proceedings of the New Zealand Institute [TNZI] - see below for more details) and then a look at anthropological sources (Elsdon Best, Makereti), compendiums of traditional Māori knowledge such as Tikao talks and an investigation of travellers' and explorers' accounts (concentrating on those with indexes initially) for any references to kinds of clothing (eg korowai), probably under a more general heading such as clothing or the body.

Investigation of modern Māori attitudes and beliefs is more straightforward. A number of books and articles have been written in recent years to explain Māori spiritual and cultural concepts and a selection is listed in this pamphlet. Three areas which have received particular attention in the last decade are resource management, health and education. Separate sections have been devoted to these issues. A number of traditional anthropological area studies have also been undertaken over the last decades (see Hohepa, Beaglehole, Metge and Ritchie) Other writers have investigated particular aspects of Māori culture such as the hui (see Salmond). There is not a lot of published material from opinion polls but the 1988 Royal Commission of Social Policy did undertake some interesting work in this area. (See under Contemporary Māori Society - General)

Many of the sources referenced in this guide have been written by Pakeha and reflect Pakeha perspectives of Māori culture.

8.2  How to find books Top of page

Using Library SearchTop of page
Many of the books held in the University of Auckland Library can be found using Library Search, the on-line catalogue. You can attend one of the Library workshops that covers Library Search tips and techniques. Sign-up for these on the first page of Library Website, under the Library Workshop Bookings link.
You can locate information on Māori perspectives by typing the following phrases into the Search Box on Library Search and refine your results by selecting a Subject Heading:

maori new zealand people attitudes 
maori new zealand people religion 
maori new zealand people social life and customs 
maori new zealand people rites and ceremonies 

Start with keyword searches and modify them in light of the subject headings you find on the records retrieved. Then make a subject search under these headings.

8.3  Finding Journal Articles Top of page

Individual articles in journals and newspapers are not listed separately on Library Search, the on-line catalogue. You must search various special indexes or look at bibliographies in other published works on the subject. The sources listed below are the most useful for finding sources in this field.

Index New Zealand Top of page
1. Look for recent journal and newspaper articles in Index New Zealand (INNZ). It is available throughout the University of Auckland library system on the
Library Website network. It is updated regularly.
2. All searches are keyword searches which search all the words of the record unless the computer is instructed to search only one particular field. The question mark is the truncation symbol.
3. Try searches with maori attitudes e.g. maori attitudes health
4. Add the words book reviews to your search to locate book reviews.  
5. Other words which can be added to maori  attitudes are:

nursing women
sex? cannibalism
education waitangi
police counselling
adoption discrimination
psychology photography
archaeology land
crime leisure
pregnancy language?
mining prostitution
mental illness water resources
land resources disabled
family environment
religion racial discrimination

If you don’t get enough hits try leaving out the word attitudes. If you get too many hits add to your typed search:


Some items retrieved do not have the subject heading (or descriptor) attitudes. You may have to use all or some of the words listed above instead of the word attitudes.

Subject headings used in Index New Zealand (INNZ) are listed in the APAIS thesarus [NZ & P Quick Reference 015.94 A93a] These may suggest other useful terms to search under. 

Index to New Zealand periodicals 1941-1986 Top of page
The precursor of INNZ, the Index to New Zealand periodicals, indexes only journals, including the Māori Affairs Department publication, Te Ao hou. It covers the years 1941-1986 and is kept on the NZ & P Quick Reference shelves.
Bibliographies Top of page
The book listed below is the most important general bibliography.

Taylor, C.R.H. A bibliography of publications on the New Zealand Māori and the Moriori of the Chatham Islands. 1972. [NZ & P 016.995 T23] 

It covers books and journal articles published prior to 1970. It is classified by subject and includes sections on ethnology, physical and mental characteristics, tribal and community organization, family organization, birth and death customs, religion, magic and sorcery. Entries are not annotated and there is no access by iwi or region.

Bibliographies in other books may also prove useful. Books with bibliographies can be found by adding the word bibliography to a search on Library Search (e.g. maori education bibliography).

Journal of the Polynesian Society & Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute Top of page
Nineteenth and early twentieth century articles on Māori topics were generally published in the Journal of the Polynesian Society (JPS) or the Transactions and proceedings of the New Zealand Institute (TNZI) which have their own indexes as well as being indexed by Taylor. The JPS continues to publish material in this field.

Journal of the Polynesian Society. 1892-
[NZ Glass Case 572.995 P78; Also some vols. in Short Loan Collection] 
Indexed to 1970 by Taylor bibliography (see previous) but also has its own centennial index for the years 1892-1992. The JPS has published a large number of articles on various facets of Māoritanga over the years. Contributors included Māori scholars from various iwi.

Transactions and proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. 1868-
[NZ & P 506 T77]
Before the JPS was published this was the journal for scholarly articles about Māori. There are several indexes covering different periods which are shelved with the volumes. Subject approach is under the general heading "Papers - Anthropology and Philology". Also indexed by Taylor and Fletcher.

8.4  Key books and articles on Māori views and attitudesTop of page

This section of the guide has been divided into two parts, dealing with contemporary and traditional Māori society. Naturally there is considerable overlap and in some cases it will be advisable to look at both sections. It gives a selection of the most important works only and must be considered as a starting point. To find more material use Library Search and Index New Zealand. Various searches are suggested under each sub-heading.  

Environment Top of page
Search Library Search using the following keyword searches:

maori resource management
maori conservation
maori environmental
maori natural resources

Search for journal articles on Index New Zealand (INNZ) under

maori resource management
maori environmental
maori conservation
maori natural resources
maori water resources
maori land resources

James, Bev. The Māori relationship with the environment. 1993
[NZ & P 333.720995 J27] 17 pages.

Kaitiakitanga : a definitive introduction to the holistic world-view of the Māori. 1992.
MM 572.995 M36]

McCan, Cindy. Water : towards a bicultural perspective. 1990. [NZ & P 333.910995 C39]

New Zealand. Royal Commission on Social Policy. The April report. 1988
[NZ & P 309.195 N536] See Vol.4, pp.327-383

Ngā kai o te moana kaupapa tiakina : customary fisheries : philosophy and practices, legislation and change. 1993.
[MM 639.20995 K131]

Tomas, Violet Cecelia. Recognition of Māori interests and values in resource management laws. 1990 [Davis Law Library Desk Copy Thesis L4 TOM]

Wāhi tapu : protection of Māori sacred sites. 1991 [NZ & P 333.720995 W13]
[MM 333.720995 W13] An introduction to environment and resource management planning.

Waiora, waimāori, waimate, waitai : Māori perceptions of water and the environment. 1984. [NZ & P 301.32995 O15 27]

Yoon, H.K. Māori mind, Māori land : essays on the cultural geography of the Māori people from an outsider's perspective. 1986 [NZ & P 301.2995 Y59]
Attitudes to land, the environment, pēpeha of iwi identity, place names, the marae, church, urupā complex.

Contemporary Māori Society Top of page
Te Ao hurihuri : aspects of Māoritanga. 1975 [MM 572.99515 T25]
Includes essays on marae kawa, leadership, land, death, spiritual concepts, and being Māori by prominent Māori figures.

Barlow, Cleve. Tikanga whakaaro : key concepts in Māori culture. 1991.
[NZ & P 301.451095 B25] Also in Short Loan Collection
70 essays in Māori and English about the meaning of concepts such as mana, ihi, kotahitanga, aituā, aroha, whakapapa and whaikörero. Mainly traditional concepts.

Customary concepts of the Māori : a source book for Māori Studies students. 1984.
[NZ & P 572.995 M48cu 1984]
A collection of essays compiled by Sid Mead and J. Fleras of Victoria University. Covers muru, rāhui, utu, tapu, whakanoa, hapa, whati, ihi, wehi and wana.

Dansey, Harry. Māori custom today. 1978. [MM 572.995 D19 1978]
Includes information on contemporary attitudes to tapu, marae kawa, personal names and hui.

He matapuna : a source : some Māori perspectives. 1979
[ARCHITECTURE LIBRARY New Zealand Collection 711(95) N534 NZPCno.14]
A collection of essays by prominent Māori figures, published by the Planning Council, which reflect on life experiences, Māoritanga and current Māori issues.

Metge, Joan. The Māori of New Zealand : Rautahi. 1976.
[NZ & P 572.995 M58m] Also in Short Loan Collection
Includes a survey of the concepts of tapu, noa, aituā, tika, mana, whakamā, whakaiti, whakahihi, aroha, utu etc.

New Zealand. Royal Commission on Social Policy. The April report. 1985
[NZ & P 309.195 N536]
Volume 1 contains results of a large scale survey of attitudes and values about health, housing, education, crime and unemployment with separate figures for Māori responses. There is also a special Māori section with questions on Māori issues.

Patterson, John. Exploring Māori values. 1992. [NZ & P 301.451095 P31]

Rata, Elizabeth Mary. Global capitalism and the revival of ethnic traditionalism in New Zealand : the emergence of tribal-capitalism. 1996. [THESIS 97-247]
Analyses recent developments in Māoridom, including kura kaupapa Māori.

Salmond, Anne. Hui : a study of Māori ceremonial gatherings. 2nd ed. 1976.
[NZ & P 572.995 S17] Also in Short Loan

Shirres, Michael P. Te tangata: the human person. 1997 [NZ & P 291.13 S55]
Religion and spirituality including notes on tapu and mana.

Stirling, Eruera K.W. Eruera : the teachings of a Māori elder. 1980.
[MM 572.995 S17e]
As told to Anne Salmond by Whānau-ā-Apanui elder, Eruera Stirling. In pp.205-244 he reflects on the modern world. Most of the book is devoted to the story of his life.

Tīhē mauriora : aspects of Māoritanga. 1978 [NZ & P 301.451095 M45]
Includes essays about attitudes to documents, myth and traditions, Kīngitanga, Rātana, Ringatū, marae kawa and biculturalism

Walker, R.J. Ngā pepa a Ranginui. 1996 [NZ & P 301.451095 W18p]
A selection of published magazine articles, seminars and papers. Sections include Being Māori, The meeting house, Waitangi and tino rangatiratanga, Education, Science, intellectual property and cultural safety and Immigration.

Death Top of page
Books are indexed on
Library Search under the subject headings

maori new zealand people death
maori new zealand people funeral customs and rites

Search for articles on Index New Zealand (INNZ) under

maori death

Beaglehole, Ernest. ‘Contemporary Māori death customs’ in Journal of the Polynesian Society v.54, pp.91-116.

Oppenheim, R.S. Māori death customs. 1973 [NZ & P 572.995 O62]

Tangihanga. [1988] [MM 572.995 T16]

Voykovic, Anthony A. Ngā roimata o Hinenui-te-Pō : death in Māori life. 1981 [Thesis 89-153]

See also Te Ao hurihuri in the general list

Education Top of page
Use Library Search with the following keywords:

maori education
multicultural education zealand
maori education attitudes
indigenous peoples education
maori education bibliography

Search for journal articles on Index New Zealand (INNZ) under

maori education
maori education attitudes
education multicultural maori
kohanga reo
kura kaupapa maori

A large number of studies and reports have been written in this area and the following items are only a selection.

Hohepa, Margie Kahukura. Preferred pedagogies and language interactions in Te Kohanga Reo. 1993 [NZ & P 371.970995 U58m 13]

Irwin, Kathie. Māori research methods and processes : an exploration in Sites, No.28, pp.25-43 (Autumn 1994)

Māori and Pacific Island demand for educational services : Māori Auckland : research report. 1995. [NZ & P 371.97 M297ma]

Mead, Linda Tuhiwai Te Rina. Ngā aho o te kākahu mātauranga: the multiple layers of struggle by Māori in education. 1996. [Thesis 96-051]

New Zealand. Royal Commission on Social Policy. The April report. 1988
[NZ & P 309.195 N536] See Vol. 3 for "Fairness in Māori education" and Vol 4 for "Māori education for a just society"

Ngā kete wānanga : te kete tuarua. 1986 [NZ & P 371.970995 K43]

Pere, Rangimarie. Ako : concepts and learning in the Māori tradition. 1994
[MM 371.970995 P43 1994]

Rzoska, Krystyna M. Ward, Colleen. The effects of cooperative and competitive learning methods on the mathematics achievement, attitudes towards school, self-concepts and friendship choices of Māri, Pākeha and Samoan children in New Zealand journal of Psychology, Vol.20, no.1, pp.17-24, (June, 1991) [Short Loan Collection 150.5 N532]

Simon, Judith A. The place of schooling in Māori-Pākeha relations. 1990
[Thesis 90-166]

Survey of demand for bilingual and immersion education education in Māori : a report to the Ministry of Education. 1992 [NZ & P 499.541 a26]

Health Top of page
Use Library Search with the following keyword searches:

maori health medical anthropology
(for more general material)

Search for journal articles on Index New Zealand (INNZ) under

maori and health

Best Elsdon. ‘Māori medical lore’ in Journal of the Polynesian Society, v.13, pp.213-237 and v.14, pp.1-23

Buck, Peter H. Medicine amongst the Maoris in ancient and modern times. 1910
[General Library Thesis 75-248, and Philson]

Dow, Derek A. Annotated bibliography for the history of medicine & health in New Zealand. 1994 [NZ & P 016.614 D74]

Durie, Mason. ‘A Māori perspective of health’ in Social science magazine, v.20, no.5, 1985,pp.483-6

Encounters with biomedicine : case studies in medical anthropology. 1987
[362.1 E56]

Imperial medicine and indigenous societies, 1988 [362.1 E56]

Lange, R.T. ‘The tohunga and the Government in the twentieth century’ in University of Auckland Historical Society . Annual. 1968, pp.12-38
[NZ & P 908 A89] Covers Tohunga Suppression Act

Lloyd, G.E.R. Demystifying mentalities. 1990 [301.2 L79] Hui whakaoranga : Māori health planning workshop. 1984  [614.0995 M29]

Prichard, Arapera. Rural Māori women’s health practices : a case study of three generations in Omāhu, Hawkes Bay. 1992 [Thesis 93-022]

Ramsden, Irihapeti. Kawa whakaruruhau: cultural safety in nursing education in Aotearoa (New Zealand) in Nursing praxis in New Zealand , v.8, no.3, pp.4-10 (Nov. 1993)

Rolleston, Sam. Kohikohitanga : a Māori health knowledge base. 1989.
NZ & P 613.0995 R75] Includes chapters about attitudes and views with regard to research, tangihanga, tohunga.

Simpson, A.I.F. An assessment of health in the prehistoric inhabitants of New Zealand and the Chatham Islands. 1979 [Thesis 86-022]

Smith, Graham H. The development of kaupapa Māori: theory and praxis. 1997. [Thesis 97-169]

Tipene-Leach, David. ‘Māoris : our feelings about the medical profession’ in Primary health care and the community. 1981
[NZ & P 362.10995 P95]

Wood, Pamela J. Cultural safety: a framework for changing attitudes in Nursing praxis in New Zealand. Vol.8, no.1, pp.4-15 (March 1993)

History Top of page
Library Search with the following keywords :

maori history

Search for journal articles on Index New Zealand (INNZ) under

maori historiography

Binney, Judith. Māori oral narratives, Pakeha written texts - two forms of telling history in New Zealand journal of history Vol.21, no.1 pp.16-28 (April 1987)
[NZ & P 995.005 N53]

Broughton, Ruka. Ngaa mahi whakaari a Titokowaru in Phillips, Jock (ed.) Biography in New Zealand. 1985 [MM 920.095 B61]

Mead, S.M. Landmarks, bridges and visions: aspects of Māori culture. 1997. [MM 305.899442 M48]

O’Regan, Tipene. Old myths and new politics : some contemporary uses of traditional history in New Zealand journal of history, Vol.26, no.1, pp.5-27 (April 1992) [NZ & P 995.005 N53] Looks at issues relating to the Ngai Tahu claim, difficulties with oral tradition and the use and misuse of evidence.

Pere, Joseph Hetekia Te Kani. Hitori Māori in The future of the past : themes in New Zealand history. 1991. [NZ & P 995.0072. F99]

Royal, Charles. Te haurapa. an introduction to researching tribal histories and traditions. 1992. [MM 929.10995 R88]

Smit, Grace. Mana Māori: questions of authority on the East Coast during the nineteenth century. 1997 [Thesis 97-086]

Soutar, Monty. Tribal history in New Zealand in Oral history in New Zealand, No.6, pp.29-40 (i994) [NZ & P 907.2 N27o] Looks at two early histories of Ngati Porou in the context of difficulties in reconciling academic and tribal history

Ward, Alan. Historical method and Waitangi Tribunal claims in Fairburn, Miles and Bill Oliver (eds.) The certainty of doubt. 1996 [NZ & P 907.2 M97]

Work in flux.1995 [MM 990.72 G81] A collection of essays on indigenous and Western history in Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific. Sections include Scholarship and indigenous knowledge, Identity politics and Indigenous people and the academy.

Psychology Top of page
Use Library Search with the following keywords :

maori new zealand people psychology

Search for journal articles on Index New Zealand (INNZ) under

maori psychology

McFarlane-Nathan, Garry Huingahau. Cultural bias in neuropsychological assessment. 1992 [Thesis 92-086]

Metge, Joan. In and out of touch : whakamā in a cross-cultural context. 1986
[NZ & P 572.995 M58i]

Metge, Joan. New growth from old : the whānau in the modern world. 1995
[NZ & P 572.995 M58w] Also in the Short Loan Collection

One of the boys?: changing views of masculinity in New Zealand. 1988
[NZ & P 301.411 O58] Includes autiobiographical essays by Ranginui Walker and Sir James Henare.

Ritchie, James. Basic personality in Rākau. 1956 [MM 378.95 V64p 8]

Ritchie, James. The making of a Māori. 1963 [NZ & P 378.95 V64p 15]

Ritchie, James. E tipu e rea : Polynesian socialization and psychological development. 1985
[NZ & P 301.32995 O15 28]

Ritchie, Jane. Childhood in Rākau.1956 [NZ & P 378.95 V64p 10]

Stewart, Tereki R. Ka pū te ruha, ka hao te rangatahi : contributions to an indigenous psychology in Aotearoa/New Zealand. 1995 [Thesis 96-24]

Waipara-Panapa, Aroha L. Body and soul : a socio-cultural analysis of body image in Aotearoa. 1995 [Thesis 96-248]

Women Top of page
Use Library Search with the following keywords:

Māori women

Search for journal articles on Index New Zealand (INNZ) under

maori women

maori women research attitudes 

or replace the word attitudes in the search above with either


Edwards, Mihi. Mihipeka : time of turmoil : ngā wā raruraru. 1992
[MM 995.054 E26m] Autiobiography concentrating on the 1940’s and 50’s.

Mana wahine : women who show the way. 1994 [NZ & P 301.4120995 M26] 24 well-known Māori women of all ages reflect on their backgrounds, education, careers and experiences and give their opinions on various issues.

Paraha, Glynnis. He pounamu kakano rua : construction of Māori women : a visual discourse. 1993 [Thesis 93-078]

Ralston, Caroline. Māori women and politics of tradition: what roles and power did, do and should Māori women exercise’ in Contemporary Pacific, v.5, no.1, pp.223-44, 1993.

Te Awekotuku, Ngahuia. Mana wahine Māori : selected writings on Māori women’s art, culture and politics. 1991 [NZ & P 301.4120995 T23]

Toi wahine : the worlds of Māori women. 1995 [MM 301.412 T646]

8.5  Key Books and Articles on Traditional Māori Society Top of page

Best, Elsdon. Spiritual and mental concepts of the Māori. 1986
[MM 572.995 N53dm 2] Also in the NZ Glass Case. Looks at the spiritual concepts wairua, mauri, kēhua, aria, āhua, hau, manawa and tipua and the mental concepts hinengaro, ngākau and puku.

Best, Elsdon. The Māori. 1924. [MM 572.995 B56] [NZGC]
Best lived among the Tūhoe of the Urewera mountafins from the 1880s, was the Dominion Museum's Ethnologist from 1911 to 1931? and was president and editor of the J.P.S. 1922-1931. This book covers social life and customs, arts, agriculture, fishing, war, music, games, forest lore, buildings and scientific knowledge. 2 volumes.

Best, Elsdon. The Māori as he was : a brief account of Māori life as it was in pre-European days. 1934. [MM 572.995 B56m] Also in the NZ Glass Case. Post-humously published. Shorter than the previous work. Covers physical and mental characteristics, traditional history, mythology and folklore, fishing, agriculture, war, music, games. forest lore, buildings and science. Best lived among the Tūhoe of the Urewera from 1890 to 1911, later becoming ethnologist at the Dominion Museum.

Firth, Raymond. Primitive economics of the New Zealand Māori. 1929 [MM 572.995 F52]
Includes chapters on transport, gift exchange, land, property and wealth, hākari and work and production.

Hanson, F. Allan. Counterpoint in Māori culture. [MM 572.995 H25]
Looks at tapu, noa, muru, war and conflict, cannibalism and slavery.

Makereti. The old-time Māori. 1986. [MM and NZGC 572.995 M23]
Kinship, the whanau and hapu, marriage. Birth and children, menstruation, massage. Food, agriculture, fishing and hunting. The author, from Te Arawa, was the first Māori woman to obtain an M.A. First published in 1938.

Orbell, Margaret. The illustrated encyclopedia of Māori myth and legend. 1995 [NZ & P 398.2 O64, also in NZ Glass Case] The bulk of the entries relate to famous ancestors, mythical figures and atua. There is also material on more general aspects of traditional Māori society including spritual and mental concepts and natural phenomena. Sources are listed in an endnote.

Salmond, Anne. Two worlds : first meetings between Māori and European, 1642-1772. 1991 [MM 995.01 S17] Also in Short Loan.
Covers voyages of Tasman, Cook and earliest French explorers. Compares European and Māori society at this time.

Shawcross, Kathleen Anne. Māoris of the Bay of Islands 1769-1840 : a study in changing Māori attitudes to Europeans. 1966 [Thesis 995.019 S63]

Shortland, Edward. Traditions and superstitions of the New Zealanders : with illustrations of their manners and customs. 1856. [MM & NZGC 398.3 S55]
Has detailed contents pages but no index.

Tikao, Teone Tāre. Tikao talks : kā taoka tapu o te ao kohatu : treasures from the ancient world of the Māori. 1990 [NZ & P 299.95 T56 1990] Also in NZGC
Tikao was a Ngāi Tahu kaumatua. A compendium of Māori knowledge.

Tregear, Edward. The Māori race. 1904. [MM & NZGC 572.995 T78m]
572 pp and index. Aims to be comprehensive.

Religion Top of page
Best, Elsdon. Māori religion and mythology : being an account of the cosmogony, anthropogeny, religious beliefs and rites magic and folklore of the Māori folk of New Zealand. 1924 [MM & NZGC 572.995 N53d 10 and 11]
Well-indexed with listings under names of atua and tipua. Covers mauri, hau and manawa ora, the spiritual nature of man, mākutu, "origin myths, nature myths, personification in myths, demon lore and fables, omens and superstitions".

Prytz-Johansen, J. The Māori and his religion in its non-ritualistic aspects. 1954
[MM 572.995 J65] Has been influential. Looks at meanings of concepts such as mana, tapu, utu as revealed by a careful study of all the early published sources.

Prytz-Johansen, J. Studies in Māori rites and myths. 1958 [NZGC 572.995 J65]

Smith, S. Percy. The lore of the whare wānanga or Teachings of the Māori college on religion, cosmogony, and history. 1913-1915. [MM 572.995 S66] Also in NZGC.
Transcript of the proceedings kept by Te Whatahoro at one of the last of the traditional whare wānanga, held at Papawai c1860. In Māori and English.

Cosmology and cosmogony Top of page
Salmond, Anne. ‘Te Ao tawhito : a semantic approach to the traditional Māori cosmos’ in Journal of the Polynesian Society, v.87, pp.5-28.

Schrempp, Gregory Allen. Māori cosmogonic thought. 1987 [MM 299.95 S37]

Law and Government Top of page

Bowden, Ross. ‘Tapu and Mana : ritual authority and political power in traditional Māori society’ in Journal of Pacific History, 1979 [NZGC 572.993 P78]

Gathercole, Peter. ‘Hau, mauri and utu : a re-examination’ in Mankind, no.11, p.334, 1978 [572.05 M27]

Patterson, John. ‘Utu and punishment’ in Victoria University of Wellington Law Review, no.21:p.239, 1991 [ Davis Law Library]

Patterson, John. ‘Utu, revenge and mana’ in British review of New Zealand studies, v. 2, 1989 p.51, [NZ & P 995.005 B86]

Education Top of page
Openshaw, Roger. ‘Early Māori education : creating an educational heritage for Aotearoa?’ in British review of New Zealand studies, v.6, pp.93-103.
[NZ & P 995.005 B86]
"Considers the reconceptualization of pre-European Māori education."

Smith, S. Percy. The lore of the whare wānanga or Teachings of the Māori college on religion, cosmogony, and history. 1913-1915. [MM 572.995 S66] Also in NZGC.
Transcript of the proceedings kept by Te Whatahoro at one of the last of the traditional whare wananga, held at Papawai c1860. In Māori and English.

Whānau, Hapū and Iwi Top of page
Best, Elsdon. The Māori. 1924 [NZ & P 572.995 B56][NZGC]
Pages 2-27 on birth, abortion, infanticide, weaning, contraception etc.

Best, Elsdon. ‘Māori customs pertaining to birth and baptism’ in Journal of the Polynesian Society, v.38, pp.241-269

Best, Elsdon. The whare kohanga, (the "nest house") and its lore : comprising data pertaining to procreation, baptism and infant betrothal &c, contributed by members of the Ngāti Kahungunu tribe... 1975. [MM 572.995 N53d 13 1975] First edition, 1929 in NZGC.

Graham, George. ‘Whāngai tamariki : the custom pertaining to the adoption of children’ in Journal of the Polynesian Society, v. 57, pp.268-278

Metge, Joan. ‘Te rito o te harakeke : conceptions of the whānau’ in Journal of the Polynesian Society, v.99, 1990, p.55

Orbell, Margaret. ‘The traditional Māori family’ in Koopman-Boyden, Peggy. Families in New Zealand society. 1978 [NZ & P 301.420995 F19] Also in the Short Loan Collection

Schwimmer, Eric. ‘The Māori hapū : a generative model’ in Journal of the Polynesian Society, v.99, 1990, pp.297-317

Women Top of page
Binney, Judith. Some observations on the status of Māori women in New Zealand journal of history Vol.23, no.1, pp.22-31 (April 1989)

Heuer, Berys. ‘Māori women in traditional family and tribal life’ in Journal of the Polynesian Society, v.78, pp.448-494

First Hand Accounts of Early Explorers, Missionaries and Traders Top of page
Banks, Joseph. The Endeavour journal of Joseph Banks. 1962 [NZ & P 910.4 B21]

Cook, James. The journals of Captain James Cook on his voyages of discovery. 1955-1974
[NZ & P 910.4 C77b] Also NZGC and Short Loan

Craik, George L. The New Zealanders. 1830 [MM & NZGC 919.5 C88]
Includes notes about early Māori visitors to England and Australia and their impressions of English civilisation.

Dieffenbach, Ernest. Travels in New Zealand. 1843, 1974.
[NZ & P & NZGC 919.5 D55 1974]

Earle, Augustus. Narrative of a residence in New Zealand...1966.
[NZ & P 919.5 E122] Also in NZ Glass Case
Earle was a young gentleman artist on an extended holiday. Generally antipathetic to missionary endeavours, and sympathetic to Māori.

Maning, F.E. Old New Zealand. 1863 [MM 919.5 M27] Various subsequent editions. Maning's reminiscences of life as a trader in Hokianga in the 1830s. Includes anecdotes of muru, tapu, tohunga, matakite

Nicholas, John Liddiard. Narrative of a voyage to New Zealand. 1817 [MM & NZGC 919.5 N59]
Notes on family life, women, polygamy and adultery, cannibalism, tapu and Māori "character".

Polack, Joel Samuel. Manners and customs of the NewZealanders : with notes corroborative of their habits usages etc...1976. [MM & NZGC 919.5 P76] Also in NZ Glass Case
Polack was in New Zealand from 1831-1837 working as a trader. The books are mainly about the Bay of Islands and Tolaga Bay.

Polack, Joel Samuel. New Zealand : being a narrative of travels and adventures during a residence in that country between the years 1831 and 1837. 1839 [MM & NZGC 919.5 P76n]
Tolaga, Northland.

Savage, John. Some account of New Zealand : particularly the Bay of Islands and surrounding country : with a description of the religion and government , language, arts manufactures, manners and customs of the natives...1973. [NZ & P 919.5 S26]

Taylor, Richard. Te Ika-ā-Māui. 1974. [NZ & P 919.5 T247] Also in NZ Glass Case
Taylor was a missionary stationed at Wanganui. His book includes notes on cosmology, mythology, atua, matakite, patupaiarehe, tapu, karakia, tangaihanga and whakataukï.

Yate, William. An account of New Zealand...1835 [MM & NZGC 919.5 Y31] Yate was a C.M.S. missionary at the Bay of Islands. Pages 80-164 of his book note his impressions of Māori customs and beliefs.  

8.6  Key to Library Locations Top of page

Library Search (the on-line catalogue)  Can be accessed from workstations in all University of Auckland libraries and via the University of Auckland Library home page on the Internet.
Library Website Library Electronic Academic Resources Network. Available on public access workstations in the Library.
General Library   5 Alfred St, Auckland City
MM Mātauranga Māori Collection At the north-side of Level G, following the wooden display shelving on the right.
Microfilm Held in the Microtext Reading Room, Level G, to the left of the glass staircase.
NZ Glass Case A restricted access collection in Special Collections. Ask at the Special Collections reception desk.
NZ & P Books with these letters preceding the call number are held on the open shelves in the NZ & Pacific Collection, Level G  of the General Library Building.
NZ & P Quick Reference Level G, General Library, on the wooden display shelving at the entrance to the Mātauranga Māori area.
Short Loan Collection Level 1, Kate Edger Information Commons
Special Collections To the south-side of Level G of the General Library, left of the glass staircase.
Thesis General Library Ask for items with this location at the Lending Services Desk, Level G, General Library.

Contact: Māori and Pasifika Services

Updated Troy Tuhou: September 10 2014