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to Find Books on Māori Land
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Waitangi Tribunal Rangahaua Whanui Series
Waitangi Tribunal reports
|4.4||Auckland University research essays|
AJHR (Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives)
Commissions of Inquiry
Other reports in the AJHR
British Parliamentary Papers
|4.6||New Zealand Statutes|
|4.7||New Zealand Parliamentary Debates|
|4.8||New Zealand Gazette|
|4.9||Turton (Turton's Deeds) and Mackay|
|4.10||New Zealand Māori Land Court|
|4.11||Finding Aids to the Māori Land Court Minute Books|
|4.12||Raupatu Document Bank|
|4.14||Key to Locations in the Library and Who to Contact for Help|
This guide has been written primarily for the researcher looking at the history of a particular block of land or interested in the historical development of Māori land tenure. However, large sections of it are applicable to related fields of research as well. Much of the information required by researchers may not be catalogued in any general periodical indexes. The guide does not cover environmental issues or the Resource Management Act.
Use some of the following key words in Library Search:
Waitangi Tribunal Rangahaua Whanui series
A further series of special reports (the Rangahaua Whanui series) covers each New Zealand region in more detail and also particular facets of the legislative and administrative history, e.g.:
Boast, R. P. Surplus lands : policy-making and practice in the nineteenth century : a report to the Waitangi Tribunal. 1992. [MM 354.95 W14 45b] Not a Rangahaua Whanui report.
Riseborough, Hazel. Rangahaua Whanui national theme. C, The Crown's engagement with customary tenure in the nineteenth century. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal, 1997. [MM 354.95 W144rnc]
Woodley, Suzanne. Rangahaua Whanui national theme S : the Native Townships Act 1895. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal,  [MM 354.95 W144rn]
Murray, J. E. Rangahaua whanui nation theme, L. Crown policy on Māori reserved lands 1840 to 1865 and lands restricted from alienation 1865 to 1900 ? [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal, . [MM 354.95 W144rnL]
Loveridge, D. M. Rangahaua Whanui national theme. K, Māori Land Councils and Māori Land Boards : a historical overview 1900 to 1952. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal,  [MM 354.95 W144rnk]
Bennion, Thomas Hugh. Rangahaua Whanui national theme. P, The Māori Land Court and Land Boards, 1909 to 1952. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal, 1997. [MM 354.95 W144rnp]
Bennion, Thomas Hugh. Rangahaua Whanui national theme. P, Succession to Māori land, 1900-52. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal, 1997. [MM 354.95 W144rnps]
Bennion, Thomas Hugh. Rangahaua Whanui national theme. I, Māori and rating law. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal, 1997. [MM 354.95 W144rni]
Marr, Cathy. Rangahaua Whanui national theme, G. Public works takings of Māori land 1840-1981. [Wellington, N.Z. : Waitangi Tribunal Division, 1997]. [MM 354.95 W144rng]
Anderson, Robyn. Rangahaua Whanui national theme. N, Goldmining : policy, legislation and administration.  [MM 354.95 W144rnn]
Boast, Richard P. Rangahaua Whanui national theme. Q, The foreshore.  [MM 354.95 W144rnq]
Pond, Wendy. Rangahaua Whanui national theme, U. The land with all woods and water. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal, c1997. [MM 354.95 W144rnu]
Belgrave, Michael. Rangahaua Whanui District. 1 pt. 2, Auckland : counting the hectares : quantifying Māori land loss in the Auckland district, 1865-1908. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal,  [MM 354.95 W144r 1 pt.2]
Marr, Cathy. Rangahaua Whanui District. 8, The alienation of Māori land in the Rohe Potae (Aotea Block), 1840-1920. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal Division,  [MM 354.95 W144r 8]
Bargh, Brian J. Rangahaua Whanui District. 7, The Volcanic Plateau. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal Division,  [MM 354.95 W144r 7]
Cross, Suzanne. Rangahaua Whanui District. 9, The Whanganui District. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal Division,  [MM 354.95 W144r 9]
Daly, Siân. Rangahaua Whanui District. 5B, Poverty Bay. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal,  [MM 354.95 W144r 5B]
Hippolite, Joy. Rangahaua Whanui District. 11C, Wairoa. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal,  [MM 354.95 W144r 11C]
Cowie, Dean. Rangahaua Whanui District. 11B, Hawke's Bay. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal,  [MM 354.95 W144r 11B]
Goldsmith, P. J. Rangahaua Whanui District. 11A, Wairarapa. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal Division,  [MM 354.95 W144r 11A]
Anderson, Robyn. Rangahaua Whanui District. 12, Wellington District, Port Nicholson, Hutt Valley, Porirua, Rangitikei, and Manawatü. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal,  [MM 354.95 W144r 12]
Phillipson, G. A. Rangahaua Whanui District. 13 pt. 2, The Northern South Island. [Wellington, N.Z.] : Waitangi Tribunal,  [MM 354.95 W144r 13 pt.2]
Particularly significant Waitangi Tribunal reports include the following:
New Zealand. Waitangi Tribunal. The Ngai Tahu report 1991 (Wai 27). Wellington, [N.Z.] : Brooker and Friend, 1991. [NZ & Pacific 354.95 W14 27] Also at Davis Law Library.
New Zealand. Waitangi Tribunal. Report of the Waitangi Tribunal on the Orakei claim (Wai-9). Wellington, N.Z. : Brooker & Friend, 1991.[MM 354.95 W14 9 1991] Also at Davis Law Library.
New Zealand. Waitangi Tribunal. The Te Roroa report, 1992 (Wai 38). Wellington, N.Z. : Brooker and Friend, 1992. [MM 354.95 W14 38 ] Also at Davis Law Library.
New Zealand. Waitangi Tribunal. The Pouakani report, 1993 (Wai 33). Wellington, N.Z. : Brooker and Friend, 1993. [MM 354.95 W14 33 ] Also at Davis Law Library. Native Land Court and surveys (Volcanic plateau area)
New Zealand. Waitangi Tribunal. The Taranaki report : kaupapa tuatahi (Wai 143) : Muru me te raupatu = the muru and raupatu of the Taranaki land and people. Wellington, N.Z. : GP Publications, 1996. [MM 354.95 W14 143 ] Also at Davis Law Library. Confiscated lands, West Coast Settlements Reserves leases.
New Zealand. Waitangi Tribunal. Muriwhenua land report (Wai 45).
Wellington, N.Z. : GP Publishers, c1997. [NZ & Pacific 354.95 W14 45 ]
Also at Davis Law Library. Old land claims, Focuses on Government purchases
to 1865. The Matauranga Māori Collection also holds a large proportion
of the submissions from claimants and the Crown Law Office in this claim.
They are all at 354.95 W14 45
Stokes, Evelyn. A review of the evidence in the Muriwhenua lands claims. Wellington, N.Z. : Waitangi Tribunal : GP Publications, 1997.[MM 354.95 W14 45st]
Sinclair, Fergus. Issues arising from pre-Treaty land transactions. [New Zealand : F. Sinclair, 1993?] [MM 354.95 W14 45si] Crown Law Office arguments re old land claims and tuku whenua.
Miles, Anita. Te Horo development scheme. Wellington, N.Z. : Waitangi Tribunal Division, 1993. [MM 354.95 W144 1993/13]. 20th century land development, compulsory purchasing of uneconomic shares.
New Zealand. Waitangi Tribunal. Turangi township report 1995 (Wai 84). Wellington, N.Z. : Brooker's, 1995. [MM 354.95 W14 84] Also at Davis Law Library.
There are many other reports.
See the Māori Studies guide: Waitangi: Treaty and Tribunal for more information about the Tribunal itself.
Asher, George. Māori land. 1987. [MM 333.0995 A81]
Aureretanga : groans of the Māoris. 1974. [MM 995 R95a 1974 Compiled by G.W.Rusden and first published in 1888.
Ballara, Angela. Iwi : the dynamics of Māori tribal organisation from c.1769 to c.1945. Wellington : Victoria University Press, 1998. [MM 305.899442 B18]
Butterworth, G.V. The Māori Trustee. [c1991] [MM 333.0995 B98]
Butterworth, G.V. Māori Affairs. 1990 [MM 354.95 N534bua] A history of the Māori Affairs Department
Carroll, Victoria. The alienation of Māori land for public works purposes. 1997. [DAVIS LAW Desk Copy Thesis LT 97-082]
Customary Māori land and sea tenure = Nga tikanga tiaki taonga o nehera. 1991. [MM 333.0995 R34] A list of references illustrating particular facets of traditional Māori tenure. Includes many references to the Māori Land Court minute books.
Feist, Russell. Māori land : what every practitioner needs to know. Wellington : New Zealand Law Society, 1997. [MM 346.0462 F29]
Gilmore, Barbara Rae. Māori land policy and administration during the Liberal period 1900-1912 [Microfilm 1215]
A guide to Māori land trusts : Te Ture Whenua Māori Act 1993. Wellington, N.Z. : Dept. for Courts ; Ministry of Māori Development, 1997. [MM 346.068 N53]
A guide to succession : Te Ture Whenua Māori Act 1993. Wellington [N.Z.] : The Dept. : Ministry of Māori Development, 1997. [MM 346.052 N53]
Harris, Aroha. Māori land development schemes, 1945-1974, with two case studies from the Hokianga : a thesis presented in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Philosophy in Social Policy at Massey University. 1996. [Thesis 97-361]
Kawharu, I.H. Māori land tenure : studies of a changing institution. 1977 [MM 333.0995 K22ma]
McLean, Patrick. History and policy of the Native land laws of New Zealand from 1840-1876. 1886 [NZ Glass Case 333.0995 M163]
National Archives of New Zealand. Māori Affairs Department : series list. 1961[?] [NZ Glass Case 354.95 N534s] This publication lists all Māori Affairs Department files (1840-1975) held by National Archives in Wellington. It includes a brief history of the department and a list of Commissions of Inquiry with a summary of their terms of reference and findings. (See Vol.3 pp.1-41 and Vol.1,pp.4-5 and Vol.2 for a list of special block files, 102 in all, with notes)
New Zealand. Dept. of Māori Affairs. A compendium of official documents relative to native affairs in the South Island 1872-1873. 2v. [NZ Glass Case 328.95 N53]
O'Malley, Vincent. Agents of autonomy : Māori committees in the nineteenth century. Wellington [N.Z.] : Crown Forestry Rental Trust, c1997. [MM, NZ&P 323.1199442 O54]
Quince, Khylee. The law relating to succession to Māori land. 1996. [Davis Law Desk Copy Thesis LT 97-041]
Smith, Norman William. Māori land law. 1960 [MM 333.0995 S65m]
Smith, Norman William. Native custom and law affecting native land. 1942 [NZ Glass Case 333.0995 S65]
Stokes, Evelyn. Māori customary tenure of land. Hamilton, N.Z. : Dept. of Geography, University of Waikato, 1997. [MM 346.0462 S87]
Te Ture Whenua Māori Act 1993 : a guide to the regulations for Māori incorporations and Māori reservations. Wellington, [N.Z.] : Ministry of Māori Development, 1994 [Davis Law Desk Copy D/NZ MAO 1994g]
Te Ture Whenua Māori Act 1993. A working guide to the Act. Wellington, [N.Z.] : Ministry of Māori Development, 1993. [NZ & Pacific 333.0995 T93]
Toitu te whenua : a guide to Te Ture Whenua Māori Act 1993. Wellington, N.Z. : Nga Kaiwhakamarama i Nga Ture, 1996. [MM 333.0995 T93gu]
Turton. H. Hanson. An epitome of official documents relative to Native affairs and land purchasing in the North Island of New Zealand [NZ Glass Case 333.0995 M29o] See sections F and G about customary land tenure and establishing the Native Land Court.
Twentieth Century Māori Land Administration Research Programme. Rev. [ed.] Wellington, [N.Z.] : CFRT, 1998. [MM 333.2 N53] Covers Land Councils and Boards, reserves administration, development schemes and land alienation with in-depth studies of 3 individual blocks.
Waetford, Aroha M. The Validation Court of New Zealand : Te Waha o te Parata. 1997. [Davis law Library Desk Copy Thesis LT 97-121]
Ward, Alan. A show of justice : racial 'amalgamation' in nineteenth century New Zealand. Auckland, N.Z. : Auckland University Press, 1995. [MM 301.451095 W25 1995] Also Short Loan
Cross, Suzanne. Muru me te raupatu : confiscation, compensation and settlement in North Taranaki, 1863-1880. 1993 [Thesis 93-085]
Davis, Sarah-Jane Birgetta. Nineteenth century native land legislation versus customary Māori tenure : case studies : Motukaraka, Te Tapuwae, Te Karae 1995. [Thesis 95-220] Northland.
Evison, Harry C. The long dispute : Māori land rights and European colonisation in southern New Zealand. Christchurch, N.Z. : Canterbury University Press, 1997. [MM 995.49 E93 1997]
Gullery, Michael. Land alienation since 1868 on Matakana Island and its impact on an island community. 1993. [RE 93-111]
Harris, Aroha. Crown acquisition of confiscated and Māori land in Taranaki 1872-1881. 1993 [MM P 354.95 W144 1]
Husbands, Paul. The alienation of South Auckland lands. Wellington, N.Z. : Waitangi Tribunal Division, Dept. of Justice, 1993. [MM 354.95 W144 93/9]
Hutton, John Lincoln. “Troublesome specimens” : a study of the relationships between the Crown and the tangata whenua of Hauraki 1863-1869. 1995 [Thesis 95-313]
McKirdy, Alexandra. Māori-Pakeha land transactions in Hawke's Bay, 1848-1864. [Microfiche 97-059]
Mead, S. M. Te kaupapa o te raupatu i te rohe o Ngati Awa = Ethnography of the Ngati Awa experience of raupatu : a report prepared in support of Claim WAI - 46 to the Waitangi Tribunal, Wellington. Rev. ed. Whakatane [N.Z.] : Te Runanga o Ngati Awa,  [MM 354.95 W14 46rk]
Stokes, Evelyn. Mökau : Māori cultural and historical perspectives. [Hamilton, N.Z.] : University of Waikato, 1988. [MM 995.19 S87] Also at Te Huka-ā-tai
Stokes, Evelyn. People, land and forests of Te Urewera. 1986. [MM 333.7099517 S87]
Stokes, Evelyn. Te Raupatu o Tauranga Moana = The confiscation of Tauranga lands ; a report. Hamilton, N.Z. : University of Waikato, 1990. [MM 333.13099516 S87r]
Stokes, Evelyn. The allocation of reserves for Māori in the Tauranga confiscated lands. Hamilton, N.Z. : University of Waikato, 1997. [MM 333.2 S87 v.1]
Tau, Te Maire. Kurakura Ngai Tahu. 1992 [Thesis ; University of Canterbury]
Ward, Alan. The history of the East Coast Māori Trust. 1958 [Thesis 76-180]
Watson, M.K. The white man's right : acquisition of Māori land by the Crown in the Wellington provincial district of New Zealand, 1840-1876. 1985 [MM 333.1309954 W34]
Wikaira, Jeanette. The alienation of Māori land in Hauraki, 1852-1882. 1995 [Thesis 95-189]
Wiri, Robert. Te Wai-kaukau o nga matua tipuna : myths, realities and the determination of mana whenua in the Waikaremoana district . 1994. [Thesis 94-061]
Individual articles in journals and other periodical literature are not listed separately on Voyager, the on-line catalogue. You must search various special indexes or look at bibliographies in other published works on the subject. The sources listed below are the most useful for finding sources in this field.
Index New Zealand (INNZ) 1987- Search the INNZ database for recent journal and newspaper articles
The default initial search is by relevance keyword. Speechmarks "..." denote a phrase search. The plus symbol + means a term is a required search term.
Try the searches
Try "land tenure" +tonga or western samoa or solomon islands etc for articles about other Pacific jurisdictions.Research (academic) level material can be sorted out from general interest material by adding the words tara research to the Command search option (see example below). Note that you cannot use the plus symbol + in a Command search.
Subject headings used are listed in the APAIS thesarus [NZ & P Quick Reference 015.94 A93a]
Index New Zealand help sheets are available at the Level 1 Library area and brief help is available at the Enquiry Desk, Level 1.
Some useful articles
Binney, Judith. Te mana tuatoru: the Rohe Potae of Tuhoe in New Zealand Journal of History. 31(1):117-131; Apr 1997.[NZ&P 995.005 N53]
Brooking, Tom. 'Busting up' the greatest estate of all: Liberal Māori land policy, 1891-1911 in New Zealand Journal of History 26(1):78-98; Apr 1992. [NZ&P 995.005 N53]
Gilling, Bryan D. Engine of destruction? An introduction to the history of the Māori Land Court in Victoria University of Wellington Law Review 24(2):115-139; Jul 1994.
Harris, Aroha. Māori land title improvement since 1945: communal ownership and economic use in New Zealand Journal of History 31(1):132-152; Apr 1997. [NZ&P 995.005 N53]
Monin, Paul. The Māori economy of Hauraki 1840-1880 in New Zealand Journal of History. 29(2):197-210; Oct 1995. [NZ&P 995.005 N53]
Sorrenson. M.P.K. Māori and Pakeha in The Oxford history of New Zealand. 1992 pp.141-166. [NZ & Pacific 995 O98] Also Short Loan etc.
Stone, R.C.J. James Dilworth. 1995. [NZ & Pacific 373.9511 D58Y] Contains chapters on Dilworth's purchases under pre-emption waver in the 1840s and his involvement with South Waikato lands in the 1880s.
Stone, R.C.J. The Māori lands question and the fall of the Grey government, 1879 in New Zealand Journal of History 1(1):51-74; April 1967. [NZ&P 995.005 N53]
Tuuta, Dion. Stout-Ngata Commission. Matters historical: the proceedings of the 2nd University of Waikato History Graduates' Conference 30 August - 1 September 1996. [NZ&P 907.2 U58]
Index to New Zealand periodicals 1941-1986
Bibliographies in other books may prove useful. See also:
Taylor, C.R.H. A bibliography of publications on the New Zealand Māori and the Moriori of the Chatham Islands. 1972. [MM, NZ &P 016.995 T23] This covers books and journal articles published prior to 1970. It is organised by subject and includes four pages on Māori land.
The Māori land legislation manual = Te puka ako hanganga mo nga ture whenua Māori.1994. [NZ Glass Case 346.950432 B31 and Davis Law Library]. This includes a annotated bibliography of sources on the Māori Land Court including archival material. See also, the Maori Land Legislation Database.
Mana whenua : traditional Māori land and sea tenure. Bibliography of published and unpublished sources.
Research essays by Anthropology and Māori Studies students on the history of various blocks of Māori land are held in the Architecture Library.
An extremely useful guide to the structure and functions of different government bodies in New Zealand from 1840 is:
Ringer, J.B. An introduction to New Zealand government.
Appendix to the Journals of the House of
The AJHR comprises a selection of all the documents which have been
tabled in parliament since 1858. It includes reports of government
departments, commissions of inquiry and select committees, official
correspondence and a wide variety of miscellaneous papers, lists and
tables. It is a prime source of information on Māori land.
Material by Māori from the Appendices to the Journals of the House of Representatives, 18601869. 1993. [MM 354.95 W144o] which includes its own year by year indexes to people, places and iwi.
Māori land claims as recorded in the Appendices to the Journals of
the House of Representatives and the Legislative Council, 18551985.
Robertson, Evelyn. New Zealand Royal commissions, commissions and committees of inquiry, 1864-1981. 1982 [NZ & P Quick Reference 016.3549509 R64]
Mutch, Kevin. Summary and index of Royal and other commissions concerning Māori land claims, 18561975. 1990 [MM 333.0995 M99]
Some Commissions were set up to investigate one or two particular
blocks of land. Others looked into the whole field of Māori land
legislation. Of particular interest for a general overview of the
situation, and much quoted by historians, is the 1891 Rees-Carroll-Mackay
Commission on Native Land Laws. In this league also are the Stout-Ngata
Commission of 1907-1908 and the Prichard-Waetford Commission of 1965. The
Hawkes Bay Native Lands Alienation Commission of 1873 has also been the
subject of much interest. The following is a list of commissions of more
West Coast Commission [AJHR 1879, G-3B; 1880, G-2; 1881, G-5; 1882, G-5; 1883 G-3; 1884, A-5] Set up to sort out Raupatu lands in Taranaki. See Raupatu Document Bank for files.
Native claims to land etc., Poverty Bay. (H.T. Clarke) [AJHR Session II, G4]
Native Land Laws [AJHR 1891, G-1 and G-1B] See G-1A for a review of the legislation to 1890.
Middle Island Native Claims [AJHR 1891, G-7, G-7A]
Native Lands and Native Land Tenure (R. Stout and A. Ngata) [1907, G-1 etc.; 1908. G-1 etc; 1909, G-1 etc]
This commission sat in different locations around New Zealand and produced comprehensive lists of lands in Māori ownership, reports on each region and a history of legislation. See AJHR 1907, G-1C for a review of legislation from 1862-1907
Native Land Claims (R.N. Jones)[AJHR 1921, G-5]
Confiscated lands (Sir William Sim)[AJHR 1928, G-7] See files in the Raupatu Document Bank for more information.
Rating of Native Land [AJHR 1933, G-11]
Native Affairs Commission [AJHR 1934, G-11] Looked at Ngata's land development scheme
Surplus Lands Commission (Sir Michael Myers)[AJHR 1948, G-8] "Surplus lands" were lands retained by the Government after the Old Land Claims Commission refused to award them to claimants.
Māori Land Board Leases (D.J.Dalglish)[AJHR 1951, G-5]
Taxation of Māori authorities [AJHR 1952, B4] Covers East Coast Commission lands and other lands.
Māori Affairs Department (Hunn Report) [AJHR 1961, G-10] Contains sections on Land Settlement and Land Titles. See p.92 for a subject index to legislation.
Māori Land and Māori Land Court (Prichard-Waetford Report)
Māori Reserved land (B.Sheehan)[AJHR,1975, H-3]
Māori Leasehold Land (W.TeR.Mete-Kingi)
Māori Trustee (M.G.McKellar)
Māori Land Courts (Thaddeus McCarthy)[1980, H3]
Martin, William. Memorandum of the operation of the Native Lands Court [AJHR 1871, A-2]
Rees, W.L. The Native land laws : memorandum on. [AJHR 1884 Session II, G-2]
Report on the Native Land Disposition Bill [AJHR 1885 I2B] 75pp.
Native Lands Settlement and Administration Bill (proposed) [AJHR
1898 I3A and 1899 I3A]
Report on the Māori Land Laws Amendment Bill and the Māori Councils Bill [AJHR 1903 I3A]
Report on the petition of Te Wherowhero Tawhiao and 276 others re
Māori Land Councils Bill
Ngata, Apirana T. Native land development. 1931. [AJHR 1931, G-10] which includes an overview of the history of Māori land tenure and development schemes as well as lists and maps of individual blocks.
New Zealand. Parliament. Legislative Council. Journals and
appendix to the journals of the Legislative Council of New Zealand. [NZ
& Pacific Storage 328.95N531]
New Zealand had no parliament until 1854 and was governed as a colony from Great Britain. The GBPP provides some of the same sort of material as the AJHR for the years from 1840 to 1858. It includes the minutes and reports of the two major select committee inquiries of 1837-38 and 1844, the first of which resulted in the annexation of New Zealand.
The two-volume index covers Australia as well as New Zealand. Suggested points of entry are "Māori", "Māoris" and "Land". References to most individual Māori people and tribes will only be found under the headings "Māoris -- Individuals", and "Māoris--Tribes".
See George Clarke’s report on customary Māori land tenure [Vol.II, pp.355-359]4.6 New Zealand Statutes
[NZ & P 346.3 N56s]
The NZ & Pacific Collection contains a copy of every Act of Parliament ever passed in New Zealand. They are bound together in volumes each year.
The best index to legislation affecting Māori land is:
There are 3 other methods of finding historical legislation.
Wily, H.J. The abridgement of New Zealand case law. [NZ & P
Māori Land Legislation Timeline 1880-1998. A chronological listing of Maori land legislation and important events effecting land legislation from 1840 to1998.
Also known as Hansard. An excellent source of contemporary thinking on particular issues. Most debate is about particular bills, although there are also questions. Once the date of an Act is known it is easy to find the debates about it by looking for the same year of the N.Z.P.D.volumes. Generally, each volume of the Debates will include an index to the contents of that volume and one of the volumes for the session, labelled "Sessional Index", will contain a composite index to the whole session. Debates are indexed under the names of members, the short titles of Bills (N.B. sometimes all Bills are grouped together under the heading "Bills") and subjects of questions. New Zealand had two Houses of Parliament until 1949. The upper house was called the Legislative Council(L.C.) and the lower house the House of Representatives (H.R.) Often legislation follows investigations by the Government department involved and these can be looked for in the AJHRs of the preceding years.
The NZ Gazette is a weekly publication of official government notices and proclamations. It includes notices of Māori Land Court sittings, appointments of court officials, appointments of trustees, lists of government lands available for sale and selection, proclamations of lands restricted for Crown purchase under the Immigration Acts of 1871 and 1877, notifications of land taken for public works, lists of alienations under the Act of 1894 etc. The lists of lands for sale include brief descriptions and prices per acre.
There is an index at the beginning of each volume and indexes to each separate issue at the end of the issue.
Comprises 4 volumes of official documents, deeds and survey plans relating to early private and Government Māori land purchases. New Zealand Company claims were dealt with separately and are not included in these volumes.
N.B. Similar material about the South Island can be found in:
Mackay, Alexander. A compendium of official documents relative to
native affairs in the South Island.
Sections cover land purchases, reserves, schools, the Native Land Court and the census There is also a schedule of deeds and an annotated list of Acts of Parliament.
The Library holds a complete set of Māori Land Court minute books from 1865 to 1975 on microfilm. These are housed in the Microtexts Reading Room, Level G. Hard-bound volumes of almost all of the Tai Tokerau district minute books are held in the Matauranga Māori Collection, Level G.
The Māori Land Court operates an information office in Auckland. There are no historical records there, however, you can obtain application forms, search the Maori Land Online database and talk to Māori Land Court staff.
135 Kolmar Rd
Ph: (09) 279 5850
You can also make enquiries via their website: http://www.justice.govt.nz/maorilandcourt/services.htm
Other historical Māori Land Court records for Tokerau, Waikato-Maniapoto and Waiariki, such as succession registers, rehearing registers, partition registers and correspondence are held at National Archives, Auckland.
Regional offices of the Māori Land Court at Whangarei, Rotorua and Hamilton hold block files, minute books, application files of various kinds and nominal indexes.
Title to each block of land had to be investigated by the Māori Land Court before it could be sold or leased. Almost the whole country, with the exception of those areas already sold before 1865 and the confiscated blocks, was brought before the court for this original title investigation before 1910. Further court hearings were held in subsequent years to create partitions of these original blocks, and to award succession to the descendants of the original owners. From the 1880s rehearings were held to enquire into all the dealings in particular blocks since the original title investigation. Relative Interests and Equitable Owners hearings divided interests among the listed owners and added to titles the names of the rest of the hapu in cases where blocks had originally been awarded to a handful of rangatira as representatives for the tribe. An Appellate Court was set up in 1894 to hear appeals. Some Appellate Court minutes were recorded in separate minute books. Others were entered in the ordinary court books. A Validation Court was set at the same time to investigate blocks where the ownership had become very confused by changes in the legislation, with powers to retrospectively validate transactions entered into in good faith.
From 1900 to 1908 Māori controlled Papatupu Block committees investigated title to large areas of land in various districts. Minutes of these hearings, in Māori, have survived. Some, from Tai Tokerau, are held in the Matauranga Māori Collection, Level G.
Minute books of Māori Land Councils and Boards set up by the Māori Land Administration Act, 1900 and later legislation to act us trustees for the owners in various blocks, are part of the Microtexts Room microfilm archive for some districts.
Unofficial Māori language records of hearings on a few blocks were sometimes made by owners or assessors and copies of some can be found in Special Collections archives, Level G.
A searchable online database, The Māori Land Court
Minute Books Index (MLCMBI) contains over 90,000 records and indexes over
1100 minute books between 1865 and 1910, from the Taitokerau,
Waikato-Maniapoto, Tairawhiti, Waiariki, Aotea, Takitimu, and Waipounamu
Māori Land Court Districts. The database is available to University
students and staff from the Library's homepage.
Finding Aids 1865-1975
Each minute book (with one or two exceptions) has its own block index at the beginning or end of the volume. Most also have an index to succession orders by the name of the deceased person. Access to a particular case about a particular block of land is difficult unless you have a date or other reference.
Sometimes the quickest way is to obtain a copy of the original survey map of the block from LINZ (Land Information New Zealand) and look at the dates which were written on it each time it was brought into the court. It is also possible to look at block files for each area at district offices of the Māori Land Court.
The RDB Consists of government documents and files relating to confiscated lands in South Auckland/Waikato, Taranaki, Tauranga, Opotiki/Whakatane, Gisborne and Hawkes Bay. See the map of confiscation districts on the cover of the red Raupatu Document Bank guide (kept at the end of the sequence).The Document Bank includes published material from the NZ Gazette, AJHR and NZ Statutes as well as the records of the Compensation Court and other quasi-judicial commissions which returned a large proportion of the land initially confiscated in the form of Crown Grants. There are also the records and reports of later Commissions of Inquiry and material from Māori Affairs, DOSLI (Department of Survey and Land Information) and other government department files.
The red Raupatu Document Bank Guide (kept with the volumes) has suggestions for different approaches to using the RDB and some extra indexing. The volume called Index Part One is the main index.
Confiscated land returned to Māori came under the jurisdiction of the Māori Land Court, but the earliest hearings on these lands can be found in the minutes of the Compensation Court and the Tauranga and Poverty Bay Commissions, copied in the Raupatu Document Bank.
The Maps Room, Level M, has complete sets of the imperial and metric series of cadastral maps for New Zealand and some earlier composite sheets, There is a selection of composite cadastral maps in the Māori Historical Map Collection which can be used to ascertain the location, boundaries and names of blocks in a particular area. The names of many of the original blocks and later subdivisions can be picked up from these, also the numbers of the original survey maps.
LINZ (Land Information New Zealand) Auckland at the Price Waterhouse Building in Federal Street has a copy of every survey map ever registered for Northland and Auckland as far south as Mercer. Other regional offices hold maps covering the rest of the country. They are indexed by block name in the Index to Māori Blocks and the Parish Register. A computer index can be used to search for plans by geographic location. Advice on Access to Māori Land Information is listed on their website.
Māori Land Information Base
|The Document Bank includes published material from NZ Gazette, AJHR and Statutes as well records of Compensation Court other quasi-judicial commissions which returned a large proportion land initially confiscated in form Crown Grants. There are also reports later Inquiry Māori Affairs, DOSLI (Department Survey Information) government department files.|
4.14 Key to Locations in the Library and Who to Contact for Help
The Document Bank includes published material from NZ Gazette, AJHR and Statutes as well records of Compensation Court other quasi-judicial commissions which returned a large proportion land initially confiscated in form Crown Grants. There are also reports later Inquiry Māori Affairs, DOSLI (Department Survey Information) government department files.
Māori and Pasifika Services