List Format | Using
Harvard Style | Useful
Books & Websites | Main
Every source that is used must be
included in a reference list or bibliography included at the end of
the document. The format used in the reference list or bibliography
varies depending upon the type of source being referred to. Entries
in your reference list should be ordered according to the author's
NOTE: The Harvard system standardizes
the order and content of reference information, but not the format
or page layout. Variations in layout, capitalization and punctuation
are acceptable provided they are used consistently within the document.
Consult your lecturer or department about which style to use, and
your subject librarian for more details on a particular style.
Surname, Initial(s). Date. Title. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher.
Example 1: Book with a single author:
Comfort, A. 1997. A good age. 2nd Edition. London: Mitchell
Example 2: Book with 2 to 6 authors:
Wit, J. S., Poneman, D. B. & Gallucci, R. L. 2004. Going critical : the first North Korean nuclear crisis.
Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press
Example 3: Book with more than 6
Roeder, K., Howdeshell, J., Fulton, L., Lochhead, M., Craig, K.,
Peterson, R., et.al. 1967. Nerve cells and insect behavior.
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Surname, Initial(s). Date. Chapter title, in Book Title, edited by Editor first name. Editor Surname. Place of
Publication: Publisher: Pages in book.
Blaxter, M. 1976. Social class and health inequalities, in Equalities and inequalities in health, edited by Carl J. Carter.
London: Academic Press: 120-135.
Surname, Initial(s). Date.
Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume(issue number):
Wharton, N. 1996. Health and safety in outdoor activity centres. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Leadership, 12(4):
Name(s) of inventor(s). Date of
issue.Title of Patent, Number of Patent including country of
Smith, P. L. 2002. Particle trap for compressed gas insulated
trasmission systems, US Patent 4554399.
Article from a Database:
Surname, Initials. Date. Article Title. Journal Title, volume(issue number): page numbers. (Date
accessed, from Database).
Sopensky, E. 2002. Chocolate makes money, Business Journal.
3(1): 20-24. (accessed April 14, 2004, from ProQuest
|Bibliographic details are arranged in the
Surname, initial(s). Date (last updated). Title of Website. [Online]. Publisher. Available: URL. [Date
you accessed the site].
Dawson, J., Deubert, K., Grey-Smith, S. & Smith, L. 2002. 'S'
Trek 6: Referencing, not plagiarism. [Online]. Available: http://lisweb.curtin.edu.au/guides/studytrekk/strek6.html.
[4 September 2004]
Harvard style referencing involves in-text
citation using paretheses. A full reference list must also be included at
the end of the document. Citations are included in the text. Author's
surname and date of publication should be included. As a rule, page
numbers should also be present unless the citation refers to a very
general argument or idea. Content of in-text citation varies depending
upon the text.
- This was obviously not the case before 2001 (Beating the
Millenium Bug 2003: 14)
- In Beating the Millenium Bug (2001: 14), it is claimed
that this was not the case before 2001.
Ngu (cited in Larson 1991:
51) reported that such conclusions were generally invalid.
Such conclusions are
generally invalid (Ngu, cited in Larson 1991: 51).
Useful Books &
(These materials were
referred to whilst creating this site)