Statistics and numeric data
- OECD statistical profile of New Zealand
- New Zealand in the OECD
Broad economic and social overview.
- Statistics New Zealand
Browse for data by topic or use the website tools to create your own tables or graphs; online tutorials are available.
- Business Toolbox
Access industry, markets and customer information.
Births, census, deaths, estimates and projections, life expectancy, migration and guides on how to interpret the data.
Data resources are listed by subject and agency.
- Long-term data series
Access demographic, social and economic data.
- Business Toolbox
- New Zealand Government data sets online
- The Social Report
Ministry of Social Development.
- Quality of Life
Ministry of Social Development. Initially covering the six largest cities it has been expanded to include twelve territorial authorities.
- Review of New Zealand Longitudinal Studies
Overview of the range and quality of New Zealand longitudinal data by the Families Commission.
Resources to customise data
- Statistics New Zealand provides specialised research services
- Statistical Consulting Service
Provided by the University of Auckland Statistics Department on either a fee per service or retainer basis to internal and external clients.
- Centre of Methods and Policy Application in the Social Sciences (COMPASS)
University of Auckland.
- New Zealand Social Research Data Archives
- New Zealand Social Statistics Network
University of Auckland.
- ClickZ Stats
Reports on internet and media trends.
- Correlates of war data
Scientific data about war, and identification of the factors that would explain the temporal and spatial variation in war.
Cranfield Network on Comparative Human Resource Management. Contact Erling Rasmussen for access.
- Current Population Survey
United States Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics monthly survey of about 50,000 households.
More websites are in OFFSTATS under specific topics.
Economic statistics datasets free on the web
United States, global economic data and stock market data.
Links to statistics sites, arranged by topics including education, gender, health, finance, poverty, labour, agriculture, food and nutrition, trade, commodities, and debt.
- International macroeconomic dataset
From 1971 through 2017 for real (adjusted for inflation) gross domestic product (GDP), population, real exchange rates and other variables for 31 countries and 34 regions.
- Harvard CID
Cross-country political, economic, and demographic data sets including Penn world tables and Polity. Free, but registration required.
- Living standards measurement study, World Bank
Historical data on economic aggregates (eg, GDP, wages) and calculators for making value comparisons over time (eg, relative value, purchasing power and exchange rates).
- National accounts main aggregates database
United Nations annual data for GDP and exchange rates from 1970.
Compare and graph countries over a vast array of topics.
- NBER datasets
United States National Bureau of Economic Research includes: trade, tariff and occupational wages around the world.
- Panel Study of Income Dynamics
University of Michigan. See also: Member country listing from IFDO (International Federation of Data Organizations for the Social Science)
- Penn world tables
University of Pennsylvania includes: purchasing power parity and national income accounts in international prices.
- Public opinion surveys.
CISER's (Cornell Institute for Social and Economic Research) list of internet sites.
- Tests and Measures in the Social Sciences: Tests available in compilation volumes
- World Bank research datasets
- World values surveys
Information only. Online data access is by subscription. See also the 2005 New Zealand values survey.
Numerical data search that provides access to Internet statistical data including charts and diagrams.
Data meta sites
- Data links
Sponsored by the AEA, (American Economics Association) mostly to economic and financial data resources.
- Data on the net
SSDC (Social Science Statistical Data) links to social science statistical data, data catalogs and data libraries.
- Economic data
Links from Rutgers University Libraries.
United States Federal Statistics. Select relevant data from the drop down lists.
- United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Search by country or select Free text search for data.
Data archive centres
- Australian Social Science Data Archive
University of Stirling Cambridge Social Interaction and Stratification Scales project is an internationally comparative assessment of the structures of social interaction and stratification across a number of countries
Council of European Social Science Data Archives. Includes North America and Australasia.
Collection of Biostatistics Research Archives.
- Government Document Archive
United States researching public documents.
International Association of Social Science Information Service and Technology.
International Federation of Data Organizations for the Social Sciences.
National Digital Archive of Datasets is part of the United Kingdom National Archives. Provides access to government policy and legislation across a wide range of issues (eg, health, education, housing, crime and the environment).
- UK Data Service
United Kingdom Economic and Social Research Council.
Statistical information can be in either print or electronic form. The General Library, University of Auckland, has a fairly comprehensive collection of statistical data both in print and electronic format. The print Statistics Collection is located on Level M, General Library. There are QR codes on the shelves to link from the print to the current electronic version using a mobile phone or ipad. Also check NZStats and OFFSTATS for online links.
Yearbooks, statistical bulletins, abstracts, etc, published by national statistical offices or other government departments for most countries. Selected monographs which contain substantial statistical information published by a quasi-government or non-government organisations are also included.
The material is arranged by:
- S1 - Non governmental organisations (NGOs), followed by the organisation abbreviation (eg, EU, FAO, ILO, IMF, OECD, UN).
- S2 - National statistics, followed by the country abbreviation, then by a code based on a subject keyword, eg, S2 / FJI STAn (Statistical news / Fiji Bureau of Statistics) or S2 / NZ CEN (New Zealand Census).
- S3 - International statistics from tertiary sources such as Euromonitor, Economist Intelligence Unit, Mintel, etc.
- Include 'statistics' in a Library Search or database search, eg, education new zealand statistics.
- The print equivalent of electronic publications provides more detailed information on how, for example, data has been calculated or the source of the raw data.
- Books in the Statistics Collection, Level M, General Library have a Not to be borrowed or Reference only status.
- Books with statistical information (including appendices with statistical data) in the general collections are available for borrowing.
- Journal and newspaper articles often include statistics, search a selection of databases for likely articles eg,
- Check in NZSTATS and OFFSTATS databases.
- For business data use BISO to refresh your research skills
- See also Country information for profiles, rankings and rating; Energy information sources, Statistics, Mathematics and Finance.
What is a census?
The census in New Zealand is an official count of population and dwellings. It takes place every five years and is carried out by Statistics New Zealand. For further information go to About census, Statistics NZ.
From the Encyclopaedia Britannica.
- Census geography
From the International Encyclopedia of Human Geography.
- Census data
Statistics New Zealand Census website including 2013 Census data as it becomes available.
- New Zealand Community Profile
Provides demographic information for the New Zealand districts and cities based on results from the census taken in 2006 and 2001. 2013 data is being added as it becomes available.
Statistics New Zealand dynamic map and chart display for the 2013 census data.
- 2013 census by Council
A dynamic map display tool, part of the Spatial Time Series by Market Economics.
- 2006 Census of Population and Dwellings
Complete data available as downloadable Excel spreadsheets.
- 2006 Census Meshblock Data (and Guide)
May be integrated with StreetLink which concords streets and areas to larger administrative areas; or mapping systems using Geographic or digital boundary layers.
- Census print publications, shelved in the General Library Statistics Collection, Level M at S2/NZ CEN.
- Early census data
- In depth statistical data
- Blue book of statistics, 1840-54
Microfilm 89/6-8. Held General Library Level G, Microtext Room.
- Blue books 1840 to 1855
Digitised by Archives New Zealand.
- Statistics of New Zealand for the Crown Colony period 1840-1852
Digitised by the University of Auckland Library.
- Statistics of the Colony of New Zealand for the year...
Covers 1853 to 1920. From 1921 onwards a series of mostly annual subject reports have been produced.
- Monthly abstract of statistics
Published from 1917 to 1989, and then from 1990 to 2010 as Key Statistics.
- Official handbook of New Zealand
For the years 1875, 1889, 1890 and 1892.
- Yearbook collection
1893 onwards. Digitised by Statistics New Zealand. Print version New Zealand Official Yearbook. The first "official yearbook" was published for 1893 and appeared in print until 2012. Combined volumes are: 1921/22; 1947/49; 1951/52. No yearbooks were published in 1991, 1999, 2001, 2003 or 2005.
- Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives (AJHR)
Published annually from 1858. The Appendices are a record of papers tabled in Parliament including annual reports of government departments. Papers in the AJHRs are classified under a system of “shoulder numbers”. The early volumes in particular include statistical data.
- Questions for written answer
New Zealand Parliament. The Replies can be an informative source of statistical data.
- Statistical publications 1840-2000
A comprehensive overview of more than 150 years of statistical publications.
- Bloomfield, G.T. (1984). New Zealand, a handbook of historical statistics. Boston, Mass. : G.K. Hall.
- Briggs, P. (2003). Looking at the numbers: A view of New Zealand's economic history. Wellington, N.Z. : New Zealand Institute of Economic Research.
- Dalziel P. & Lattimore, R. The New Zealand macroeconomy: A briefing on the reforms and their legacy. Auckland, NZ: Oxford University Press.
All editions have a useful data appendix with mostly annual data from 1960 onwards.There is some quarterly data from 1980 onwards.
- McKinnon M. (Ed.), (1997). Bateman New Zealand historical atlas = Ko papatuanuku e takoto nei. Auckland, N.Z. : D. Bateman in association with Historical Branch, Department of Internal Affairs.
- Mitchell, B.R. (2003). International historical statistics: Africa, Asia & Oceania, 1750-2000. (4th ed.). Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan.
- Pool, D. Ian. (1991). Te iwi Maori: A New Zealand population, past, present & projected. Auckland, N.Z. : Auckland University Press.
- Thorns, D. C. & Sedgwick, C.P. (1997). Understanding Aotearoa/New Zealand: Historical statistics. Palmerston North, N.Z. : Dunmore Press.
- 1851: first census. Results: Statistics of New Zealand for the Crown Colony period 1840-1852
- 1858, 1861, 1864, 1867. Results: Statistics of the Colony of New Zealand...
- 1858: first Maori general census. Results: Observations on the state of the aboriginal inhabitants of New Zealand
- 1871 onwards: Individual publications. Print volumes are shelved in the General Library, Level M at S2/NZ CEN
1871, 1874, 1878, 1881, then 5 yearly to 1926. 1931 no census because of the Depression, 1936, 1941 census postponed because of war, 1945, 1951, and 5 yearly since 1951.
- 1874-1926 Maori census data published as an appendix to the main census tables.
- 1951 onwards the Maori and non-Maori census was combined.
- 1996, 2001, 2006, 2013 data online at Statistics New Zealand's website.
See also New Zealand history
- Statistics New Zealand
- New Zealand Official Yearbook online and in print, provides overview data.
- Wholesale, retail, price indexes and overseas trade resources.
- Imports and exports covers Overseas merchandise trade, Overseas trade index, Overseas cargo statistics, International trade statistics and also data drawn from Infoshare and NZ.Stat.
University of Auckland. Trade resources.
- New Zealand Time Series
Monthly data for imports by origin, exports by destination, the value of imports/exports of major commodities, and the volume of principal imports and exports.
New Zealand with international comparisons
United Nations. Bilateral trade by commodity for most countries from 1962 onwards, where available. There are some gaps in the 1970s for New Zealand data.
- OECD iLibrary
Statistics package > ITCS International Trade by Commodities. Annual statistical data on imports and exports by commodities and by partner countries in OECD countries and selected non OECD countries including China, Hong Kong, and Chinese Taipei. Instructional videos are available
University of Auckland. Check under Topics and Regions headings.
- WTO statistical database
World Trade Organization annual time series data from 1980 onwards of bilateral flows by broad commodity. Provides Trade Profiles, Tariff Profiles, Services Profiles, and Time Series.
- International trade statistics
World Trade Organization. Includes trade by Region and Sector. Print collection at S1/GATT TRA, General Library Statistics Collection, Level M.
- International Trade Statistics Yearbook
United Nations. Data on bilateral trade and trade by commodity (SITC 2, BEC). Print collection at S1/UN TRAy, General Library Statistics Collection, Level M.
- Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)
International Monetary Fund (IMF) provides world and regional data. Specific country data is also available. Direction of trade data is available in Datastream under IMF in the 'Economics' view, but there is no commodity data; DOTS data is also available within the International Financial Statistics database.
United Nations Statistics Division.
- World Development Indicators (WDI)
World Bank. Provides time series indicators includes, People, Environment, Economy, States and Markets and Global Links for these countries.
See also International trade.
Specialised in-depth data
Statistics for universities
Statistics New Zealand under the CONZUL agreement, provides a customised in-depth data service and access to New Zealand and Australian Confidentialised Unit Record Files (CURFs).
Customised in-depth data
- Customised and specialised in-depth data can be requested for specific research projects being carried out at the University of Auckland. Contact the University of Auckland Contact Officer.
Confidentialised Unit Record Files (CURFs)
- Confidentialised Unit Record Files (CURFs) are unit record data that have been modified to protect the confidentiality of respondents while also maintaining the integrity of the data.
- New Zealand and Australian CURF datasets are available
- Any current staff member or student of the University of Auckland can apply to use CURFs.
Statistics New Zealand CURFs access
- Read the Statistics New Zealand guides and the Microdata access policy.
- Complete and submit the application form, for approval.
Contact the Access to Microdata service.
- Statistics New Zealand website - CURFs for more information.
- For further assistance Contact Officer.
- Once research and use is completed, send the CURF to the Contact Officer for return.
Australian Bureau of Statistics CURFs access
- Read the Deed of Undertaking form.
- Complete and submit an Australian CURF 'how to apply' for approval.
- There is a detailed guide for CURF users and a list of CURFs.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics CURF microdata for more information.
- For further assistance Contact Officer
- Once research and use is completed, send the CURF to the Contact Officer for return.